Blood Glucose Levels Chart
The blood of mammals contains an amount of sugar. In other words, glucose exists in the blood of mammals and the levels at which it exists is called blood glucose level or blood sugar concentration. Glucose is considered the primary source of energy in the body; where as fats and other forms of lipids are considered the compact sources of energy. Glucose is transported to each individual body cell from the liver or intestines by the blood and the cells absorb it when a hormone secreted by the pancreas called ‘insulin’ breaks it down.
There are many factors which affect the glucose levels in the body and it can be seen in a blood glucose levels chart. When the glucose levels are relatively high for long periods of time, the condition is known as hyperglycemia and when the levels are relatively low for long periods of time, the condition is known as hypoglycemia.
Diabetes is a condition where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin for the body to use or the body just does not use insulin properly. The levels can be measured in a blood glucose levels chart. There are basically two types of diabetes – Type 1 is when the pancreas does not produce insulin at all. Most people suffer from type 2 diabetes where the pancreas either does not produce the required amount of insulin to digest the glucose or the blood cells reject the insulin produced by the pancreas.
This can lead to fluctuations in the glucose levels in the blood, which in turn can have disastrous implication as seen in a blood glucose levels chart. To make it simpler for diabetics and non-diabetics, a blood glucose levels chart is prepared so that they can monitor the glucose levels in the body and check whether they are on the right track or not. If not, they can take various precautionary measures or undergo medical treatment.
Blood Glucose Levels Chart
Normally, the glucose levels in the day fluctuate each time a person eats a meal. This is because each meal contains glucose or starch elements, and with each meal consumed, the amount insulin normally produced by the pancreas also increases temporarily. If taken one meal at a time, we can observe the changes in blood glucose (and insulin) levels throughout the day. During breakfast, a blood glucose levels chart says that the glucose level generally rises from 4.25 mmol/L to 6.25 mmol/L, whereas the insulin level rises from 40 pmol/L to 260 pmol/L. During lunch, the glucose and insulin levels fluctuate between 4.5 mmol/L to 6.5 mmol/L and 60 pmol/L to 230 pmol/L. And finally during dinner, the insulin and glucose levels fluctuate between 120 pmol/L to 220 pmol/L and 5.0 mmol/L to 6.2 mmol/L.
The fasting blood sugar level is basically the level of glucose that is measured when a person does not eat for approximately 8 hours. The fasting sugar (or glucose) levels should be around 70 mg/dl. A blood glucose levels chart says that the blood sugar level after a meal should not normally increase 200 mg/dl. If a diabetic wishes to check whether he is in good control of his glucose level or not, then the glucose level in the blood shouldn’t be more than 120-150 mg/dl when checked 2 hours after a meal.